Is it permissible to feed animals pork, impurities, or other food that is prohibited for human consumption?

As long as no harm comes to the animal as a result of the food, they may be fed any type of food. The prohibition of pork, carrion, impurities, and other foods only applies to humans, since animals are not obligated to follow the Islamic Law which was revealed for human beings.[1]

[1] Imam Abū Ḥanīfah gave a ruling that that it is permissible to feed dogs flour which had been mixed with impure water. [Badāiʿ aṣ-Ṣanāiʿ 1:78]

God knows best,

Imam Mustafa Umar

If animals are being mistreated, does it become prohibited to eat or use products from those animals because it would lead to further mistreatment?

Islam teaches us to be kind to all living creatures and categorically prohibits animal abuse. The Prophet informs us of how a woman earned God’s wrath for mistreating a cat that she imprisoned, neither feeding it nor letting it hunt for food. [Sahīh al-Bukhārī]

We are allowed to slaughter animals for meat, but it must be done in the least cruel way. The Prophet said: “Allah has decreed proficiency in everything. If you slaughter something then do it properly. A person should sharpen his blade and make it easy for the animal.” [Sahîh Muslim] Islam teaches us to not use a dull knife or allow the animal to see the blade beforehand, because it would scare the animal. It is important to note that if Islam has prescribed such stringent rules to be followed even when the animal is about to die, then it must be treated just as well throughout its life, when it potentially has a longer lifespan in front of it.

Many animals today live miserable lives due to unsanitary conditions, physical restraints which prevent them from moving around, and other unethical practices. All of these actions are primarily done out of greed for earning more profit, without having the slightest care for the animal’s welfare.

Despite the fact that these unethical practices are prohibited in Islam, it does not render the animal impermissible to consume. As long as the animal has been slaughtered correctly and the cruel means of treating the animal will not affect the meat where it becomes harmful to the consumer, then it is lawful to eat. However, if boycotting the products produced from this animal such as meat, milk, and leather will definitely lead to alleviating the cruelty against these animals, then it may be necessary for Muslims to participate in such a boycott and avoid supporting such an industry.

Allah knows best,

Imam Mustafa Umar

I know eating pork is prohibited in Islam. What should be our attitude towards pigs as animals? Should we avoid seeing them in zoos/farms, watching documentaries about them, playing with toy pig figures, or watching animated shows which feature pigs?

Pigs, like all other animals, are creations of God. We are not supposed to treat them in any manner different than other animals. The only thing that Islam explicitly teaches is that pigs are prohibited to eat and that their saliva/sweat is impure and must be washed off after touching them.

There are no other instructions from God or the Prophet Muhammad which teach us to treat pigs differently than other animals. It is neither prohibited to look at them, touch them, or study them.

It may be argued that developing a dislike for pigs can have a beneficial psychological effect on Muslims and help to ensure that they maintain the Islamic rulings concerning the prohibition of eating pigs and their impurity. However, this point is open to discussion and hatred for pigs may have negative consequences on the psychology of Muslims as well.

Allah knows best,

Imam Mustafa Umar